Alighieri, Dante. Divine Comedy

text :: charta danteum

Anselm of Bec. Proslogion

Aristotle. Metaphysics

Armstrong, Karen. A History of God
New York: Ballantine Books, 1993

Augustine, Bishop of Hippo. Solemnity of the Birth of John the Baptist
from The Sermon of St Augustine of Hippo, Sermon 293


Barthes, Roland. The Rustle of Language
Translated by Richard Howard
University of California Press
Berkeley, Los Angeles: 1989

meta262: pages 4-5

Bettelheim, Bruno. The Uses of Enchantment, The Meaning and Importance of Fairy Tales
New York: Alfred A. Knopf, 1976


Boëthius, Anicius Manlius Severinus. The Consolation of Philosophy.


Cage, John. Silence: Lectures and Writings
Middletown, Connecticut: Wesleyan University Press, 1961


Borges, Jorges Luis. Labyrinths
New York: New Directions, 1964


Ciardi, John. How Does a Poem Mean?
Boston: The Riverside Press Cambridge, Houghton Mifflin Company, 1959

meta64: page 764

Clark, Kenneth. Civilsation.
New York: Harper & Row Publishers, Inc., 1969

meta35: page 61
meta86: pages 61-65, 77

Coleridge, Samuel Taylor. Biographia Literaria, 1817

Conder, Josiah. Landscape Gardening in Japan
Tokyo: Kodansha International, 2002

meta138: page 147

Cowell, Henry. New Musical Resources.
New York: Cambridge University Press, 1996


Damon, S. Foster. A BLAKE DICTIONARY The Idea and Symbols of William Blake
Boston: Univeristy Press of New England, 1988

Duby, Georges. Europe of the Cathedrals 1140-1280.
Geneva: Bookking International, 1995

Eco, Umberto. Serendipities, Language and Lunacy
Translated by William Weaver
New York: Columbia University Press, 1998



Eco, Umberto. The Name of the Rose.
New York: Harcourt, 1983


Eliade, Mircea. Cosmos and History, The Myth of the Eternal Return
Translated from the French by Willard R. Trask
New York: Harper & Row, 1959

meta77: page 4
meta81: page 19

Freccero, John, ed. Dante, A Collection of Critical Essays.
New Jersey: Prentice-Hall, Inc., 1965

meta162: page 151: The Metamorphoses of the Circle, by Georges Poulet

Emerson, Ralph Waldo. Uriel


It fell in the ancient periods
Which the brooding soul surveys,
Or ever the wild Time coined itself
Into calendar months and days.

This was the lapse of Uriel,
Which in Paradise befell.
Once among the Pleiads walking,
Said overheard the young gods talking,
And the treason too long pent
To his ears was evident.
The young deities discussed
Laws of form and metre just,
Orb, quintessence, and sunbeams,
What subsisteth, and what seems.
One, with low tones that decide,
And doubt and reverend use defied,
With a look that solved the sphere,
And stirred the devils everywhere,
Gave his sentiment divine
Against the being of a line:
"Line in nature is not found,
Unit and universe are round;
In vain produced, all rays return,
Evil will bless, and ice will burn."
As Uriel spoke with piercing eye,
A shudder ran around the sky;
The stern old war-gods shook their heads,
The seraphs frowned from myrtle-beds;
Seemed to the holy festival,
The rash word boded ill to all;
The balance-beam of Fate was bent;
The bonds of good and ill were rent;
Strong Hades could not keep his own,
But all slid to confusion.

A sad self-knowledge withering fell
On the beauty of Uriel.
In heaven once eminent, the god
Withdrew that hour into his cloud,
Whether doomed to long gyration
In the sea of generation,
Or by knowledge grown too bright
To hit the nerve of feebler sight.
Straightway a forgetting wind
Stole over the Celestial kind,
And their lips the secret kept,
If in ashes the fibre-seed slept.
But now and then truth-speaking things
Shamed the angels' veiling wings,
And, shrilling from the solar course,
Or from fruit of chemic force,
Procession of a soul in matter,
Or the speeding change of water,
Or out of the good of evil born,
Came Uriel's voice of cherub scorn;
And a blush tinged the upper sky,
And the gods shook, they knew not why.

-Ralph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)


Farr, Judith. The Gardens of Emily Dickinson
Cambridge, Massachusetts: Harvard University Press, 2004

Goethe, Johann Wolfgang von. Der Erlkönig

Der Erlkönig

Wer reitet so spät durch Nacht und Wind?
Es ist der Vater mit seinem Kind;
Er hat den Knaben wohl in dem Arm,
Er faßt ihn sicher, er hält ihn warm.

"Mein Sohn, was birgst du so bang dein Gesicht?"
"Siehst, Vater, du den Erlkönig nicht?
Den Erlenkönig mit Kron und Schweif?"
"Mein Sohn, es ist ein Nebelstreif."

"Du liebes Kind, komm, geh mit mir!
Gar schöne Spiele spiel' ich mit dir;
Manch' bunte Blumen sind an dem Strand,
Meine Mutter hat manch gülden Gewand."

"Mein Vater, mein Vater, und hörest du nicht,
Was Erlenkönig mir leise verspricht?"
"Sei ruhig, bleib ruhig, mein Kind;
In dürren Blättern säuselt der Wind."

"Willst, feiner Knabe, du mit mir gehen?
Meine Töchter sollen dich warten schön;
Meine Töchter führen den nächtlichen Reihn,
Und wiegen und tanzen und singen dich ein."

"Mein Vater, mein Vater, und siehst du nicht dort
Erlkönigs Töchter am düstern Ort?"
"Mein Sohn, mein Sohn, ich seh es genau:
Es scheinen die alten Weiden so grau."

"Ich liebe dich, mich reizt deine schöne Gestalt;
Und bist du nicht willig, so brauch ich Gewalt."
"Mein Vater, mein Vater, jetzt faßt er mich an!
Erlkönig hat mir ein Leids getan!"

Dem Vater grauset's, er reitet geschwind,
Er hält in Armen das ächzende Kind,
Erreicht den Hof mit Müh' und Not;
In seinen Armen das Kind war tot.


Honour, Hugh & Fleming, John. The Visual Arts: A History
Englewood Cliffs, New Jersey: Prentice Hall, Inc., 1982

meta54: pages 120, 138

Jung, Carl G. Man and His Symbols.
New York: Dell Publishing Co., Inc., 1964
Part 2: Ancient Myths and Modern Man, by Joseph L. Henderson

meta81: pages 95-155


Jung, Carl G. Synchronicity, An Acausal Connecting Principle.
Translation by R.F.C. Hull.
Princeton, New Jersey: Princeton University Press, 1973

meta84: page 11
meta85: page 6

Jung, Carl G. Memories, Dreams and Reflections.
New York : Pantheon Books, 1973


Kandinsky, Wassily. Complete Writings on Art
New York: Da Capo Press, 1994
On the Spiritual in Art and Painting In Particular

meta14: page 130

Koch, Rudolph. The Book of Signs
New York: Dover Publications, 1955

meta135: page 8

Kuck, Loraine. The World of the Japanese Garden From Chinese Origins to Modern Landscape Art
New York, New York: John Weatherhill, Inc., 1968

meta71: pages 35, 196-197

Law, Vivien. Wisdom, Authority and Grammar in the Seventh Century
Decoding Virgilius Maro Grammaticus
Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1995

meta160: page 12

List, Guido Von. The Secret of the Runes
Ed., Intro., Tr. by Stephen E. Flowers
Rochester, Vermont: Destiny Books,1988

meta156: page 73

Longfellow, Henry Wadsworth.
translation of Dante's Inferno

text :: charta danteum

The Last Two Million Years, Reader's Digest History of Man
New York: The Reader's Digest Association, 1973

meta81: page 194

Mâle, Emile. The Gothic Image, Religious Art in France of the Thirteenth Century. Trans. Dora Nussey.
New York: Harper and Row Publishers, 1972

meta162: pages 94-97
meta165: pages 233, 245

Panofsky, Erwin. Gothic Architecture and Scholasticism.
Cleveland, Ohio: Meridian Books, 1986

meta82: page 6
meta83: page 9
meta84: page 14
meta85: page 13

Pei, Mario. The Story of the English Language, Revised Edition
New York: J.B. Lippincott Company, 1967


Sacks, Oliver. Oaxaca Journal
Washington, D.C.: National Geographic Society, 2002

Scully, Vincent, Jr. Modern Architecture, The Architecture of Democracy.
New York: George Braziler, 1961

Schopenhauer, Arthur
Prize Essay On The Freedom Of The Will (1839)

"Der Mensch kann tun was er will; er kann aber nicht wollen was er will."



Schopenhauer, Arthur
On the Apparent Design in the Fate of the Individual
Parerga and Paralipomena, 1851


Shah, Idries. The Sufis
Introduction by Robert Graves
New York: Anchor Books, Doubleday & Company, Inc., 1971

meta28: pages xxiv-xxv
meta62: page xvii
meta65: page 13

Shaw, George Bernard. The Quintessence of Ibsenism.
Introduction by Robert Graves
New York: Dover Publications, Inc., 1994

meta83: page 6

Simon, Paul.
"Kodachrome", from There Goes Rhymin' Simon

Warner Bros, 1973


Simon & Schuster's Guide to Mushrooms
Lincoff, Gary H., Editor
New York, New York: Simon & Schuster, 1981
pages 30-31

Singleton, Charles S. Dante's Allegory
American Critical Essays on The Divine Comedy, Robert J. Clements, editor
New York: New York University Press, 1967

meta98: page 91

Stewart, Ian. Nature's Numbers: The Unreal Reality Of Mathematics
New York: Basic Books, 1997

meta130: page 109
meta139: page 109
meta140: pages 108, 113

Summerson, John. The Classical Language of Architecture.
Cambridge, Massachusetts: The M.I.T. Press, 1987


Tachibana no Toshitsuna. Sakuteiki, Notes on Garden Design.
English Translation by Joe Earle published in:
Infinite Spaces The Art and Wisdom of the Japanese Garden.
Boston: Tuttle Publishing, 2000

Tàpies, Antoni. Katalog.
Haus de Kunst München, 26. Mai - 13. August 2000
Modern Art, Mysticism and Humour
page 271


Tresidder, Jack, General Editor. The Complete Dictionary of Symbols
San Francisco: Chronicle Books, 2005

Venturi, Robert. Complexity and Contradiction in Architecture.
New York: The Museum of Modern Art, 1985

White, Stewart Edward. The Unobstructed Universe.
New York: E. P. Dutton & Co., Inc., 1940


Williams, Charles. The Figure of Beatrice, A Study in Dante.
New York: Farrar, Straus & Cudahy, 1961