patteren: 051107;131
series: meta;35

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pertaining to the symbol and metaphor, being the primary means of process, the process becoming the goal is reflected in the mechanics of the symbol because the description of the comparison is more able to illuminate the essence of the object than a direct description of the object : Charles Williams paraphrases Coleridge: 'Coleridge said that a symbol must have three characteristics (i) it must exist in itself, (ii) it must derive from something greater than itself, (iii) it must represent in itself that greatness from which it derives. I have preferred the word image to the word symbol because it seems to me doubtful if the word symbol nowadays sufficiently expresses the vivid individual existence of the lesser thing.' — source : and John Ciardi writes, 'The distinction between a symbol and a metaphor can not be rigidly drawn, but a symbol tends to stand for a more formal and more expansive area of meaning or of experience ... whereas a metaphor tends to be more specific and rather more sensory than conceptual. What is basic to both is the metaphoric sense. Nothing is more characteristic of poetry than this metaphoric sense.' — source : the image, metaphor, symbol, allegory have in common a better telling of the story than the literal telling would be, the metaphoric reflection is more truthful than the object itself : and Kenneth Clark observes that 'High Gothic art can look fantastic and luxurious ... Medieval man could see things very clearly, but he believed that these appearances should be considered as nothing more than symbols or tokens of an ideal order, which was the only true reality.' : the symbol being the more truthful explanation of the reality of the object than the simple depiction or mere existence of the object itself